Kermoor Str - History

Kermoor Str - History


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Kermoor

A former name retained.

(Str: dp. 3,106; 1. 378'; b. 52'4"; dr. 22'6"; s. 9 k.; cpl. 67; a. 13?')

Kermoor, a cargo ship, was built in 1907 by J. L. Thompson & Sons, Ltd., Sunderland, England; taken over by the Army 14 March 1918 from her owner, Kerr Navigation Corp., New York; and acquired and commissioned by the Navy 1 November at Cardiff, Wales, Lt. Comdr. T. Cartwright, USNRF, in command.

Operated by the Navy under Army account, Kermoor served out of Cardiff, carrying coal and military supplies between British and French ports. Detached from channel service 1 March 1919, she sailed for Queenstown, Ireland, 6 March for the United States with a cargo of military stores. Reaching Baltimore, Md., 27 March, she continued to New York 21 April. She arrived 23 April and discharged her cargo. Kermoor decommissioned 5 May and was returned to her owner by the USSB the same day.


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The Real Murderers: Atheism or Christianity?

I got a call from a gentleman from San Francisco who was exorcised about Christian missionaries going into foreign lands. Then he started talking about not only the destruction of indigenous beliefs, but also the destruction of missionaries. That’s what he wanted to see happen. He also said that Christians and religious groups are responsible for the greatest massacres of history. It turns out he was quite supportive of Wicca and indigenous religions which worship the Mother Earth force, Gaia. This is essentially the basic foundation for witchcraft and I made a comment then that this was basically what he was talking about.

But a couple of the things that he said were a challenge to me. Not only did he assert that historically missionaries have destroyed cultures and indigenous religions at the point of a gun, but also Christianity and religion were responsible for most of the bloodshed in the world, or the great majority of it. I’ve heard this claim before. I wanted to respond with more detail because I’m sure you’ve heard these things as well.

I have a tactic that I employ in situations like this that is called “Just the Facts, Ma’am.” In other words, there are times when you’re faced with objections to Christianity or your point of view that really fail with an accurate assessment of the facts. There are people who make accusations and assertions that are empirically false. This is one of them.

The assertion is that religion has caused most of the killing and bloodshed in the world. The greatest atrocities committed against man were done in the name of God.

Before I get to the particular facts, there is more than just a factual problem here. There is a theoretical problem as well, and I tried to make the point that we must distinguish between what an individual or group of people do and what the code that they allegedly follow actually asserts. The fact is that there are people who do things consistently that are inconsistent with the code that they allegedly follow. But often times when that happens, especially where religion is concerned, the finger is pointed not at the individual who is choosing to do something barbaric, but at the code he claims to represent. The only time it’s legitimate to point to the code as the source of barbarism is if the code is, in fact, the source of barbarism. People object to a religion that used barbaric means to spread the faith. But one can only use that as an objection against the religion if it’s the religion itself that asserts that one must do it this way, as opposed to people who try to promote the spread of the religion in a forceful fashion in contradiction to what the religion actually teaches.

It’s my understanding that much of Islam has been spread by the edge of the sword. That isn’t because Muslim advocates were particularly violent. It’s because their religion actually advocates this kind of thing. The difference between that and Christianity is that when Christianity was spread by the edge of the sword it was done so in contradistinction to the actually teachings of Christianity. This is when individual people who claim to be Christians actually did things that were inconsistent with their faith.

I’ve had some people that have told me when I’ve brought this up, “That’s not a fair defense. You can’t simply say that those people who committed the Crusades or the Inquisition or the witch burnings weren’t real Christians. That’s illegitimate.” My response is, why? We know what a real Christian is. A real Christian is someone who believes particular things and lives a particular kind of lifestyle. John makes it clear that those who consistently live unrighteously are ipso facto by definition not part of the faith. So why is it illegitimate for me to look at people who claim to be Christians, yet live unrighteous lives, and promote genocide to say that these people aren’t living consistently with the text, therefore you can’t really call them Christians. I think that’s legitimate.

For example, no one would fault the Hippocratic Oath, which is a very rigid standard of conduct for physicians, just because there are doctors who don’t keep it. We wouldn’t say there’s something wrong with the oath, the code that they allegedly follow. We’d say there was something wrong with the individuals who don’t live up to the ideals of that code. That is the case frequently where people waving the Bible in one hand are also waving a bloody sword in the other. The two are inconsistent. So it’s not fair or reasonable to fault the Bible when the person who’s waving the sword is doing things that are contradictory to what the Bible teaches ought to be done.

So that’s the first important thing to remember when you face an objection like this. Distinguish between what a person does and what the code they claim to follow actually asserts. Christianity is one thing, and if we’re going to fault Christianity we must fault its teachings and not fault it because there are people who say they are Christians but then live a life that is totally morally divergent from what Christianity actually teaches.

As I said earlier, this kind of objection falls when you employ a tactic I call “Just the Facts, Ma’am,” and I’d like to give you some of those facts. My assertion as I responded to the gentleman who called last week was simply this, it is true that there are Christians who do evil things. Even take people’s lives. This is an indication that these people aren’t truly Christians, but it may be true also that people with the right heart, but the wrong head do things that are inappropriate, like I think might have been the case in the Salem Witch Trials.

My basic case is that religion doesn’t promote this kind of thing it’s the exception to the rule. The rule actually is that when we remove God from the equation, when we act and live as if we have no one to answer to but ourselves, and if there is not God, then the rule of law is social Darwinism—the strong rule the weak. We’ll find that, quite to the contrary, it is not Christianity and the belief in the God of the Bible that results in carnage and genocide. But it’s when people reject the God of the Bible that we are most vulnerable to those kinds of things that we see in history that are the radical and gross destruction of human lives.

Let’s take the Salem Witchcraft Trials. Apparently, between June and September of 1692 five men and fourteen women were eventually convicted and hanged because English law called for the death penalty for witchcraft (which, incidentally, was the same as the Old Testament). During this time there were over 150 others that were imprisoned. Things finally ended in September 1692 when Governor William Phipps dissolved the court because his wife had been accused. He said enough of this insanity. It was the colony’s leading minister, by the way, who finally ended the witch hunt in 1693 and those that remained in prison were released. The judge that was presiding over the trials publicly confessed his guilt in 1697. By the way, it’s interesting to note that this particular judge was very concerned about the plight of the American Indian and was opposed to slavery. These are views that don’t sit well with the common caricature of the radical Puritans in the witch hunt. In 1711 the colonies legislatures made reparation to the heirs of the victims. They annulled the convictions.

I guess the point is that there was a witch hunt. It was based on theological reasons, but it wasn’t to the extent that is usually claimed. I think last week the caller said it was millions and millions that were burned at the stake as witches. It certainly wasn’t the case in this country. It seemed that the witch hunt was a result of theological misapplication and the people who were involved were penitent. The whole witch hunt lasted only a year. Sixteen people were hanged in New England for witchcraft prior to 1692. In the 1692 witch hunt nineteen were executed. So you’ve got thirty-five people. One hundred fifty imprisoned. This is not at all to diminish or minimize the impact of the American witch hunts which resulted in thirty-five deaths. But thirty-five is not millions. It is not hundreds of thousands. It’s not even hundreds. It’s thirty-five. This was not genocide.

Now in Europe it was a little different. Joan of Arc was burned at the stake for practicing witchcraft in 1431. Over a period of 300 years, from 1484 to 1782, the Christian church put to death 300,000 women accused of witchcraft, about 1000 per year. Again, I don’t want to minimize the impact of 1000 lives lost a year, but here we’re talking about a much, much smaller number over a long period of time than what has been claimed in the past.

In America we’re talking thirty-five people. In Europe over 300 years, we’re talking about 300,000. Not millions. The sources here are World Book Encyclopedia and Encyclopedia Americana. You can also read in Newsweek, August 31, 1992. I was accused of being a liar last week. I’m trying to give you the facts from reputable sources that show that the accusations from last week aren’t accurate.

There were two Inquisitions. One of them began right around the end of the first millennium in 1017. It began as an attempt to root out heretics and occurred chiefly in France, Germany, Italy and Spain. The Spanish Inquisition followed in the fourteenth century and was much bloodier. It began as a feudal aristocracy which forced religious values on society. Jews were caught in the middle of this and many of them were killed. About 2000 executions took place. The Inquisition that took place at the turn of the millennium, less than that. So we’re talking about thousands of people, not millions.

There were actually seven different Crusades and tens of thousands died in them. Most of them were a misdirected attempt to free the Holy Land. Some weren’t quite like that. There were some positive aspects to them, but they were basically an atrocity over a couple hundred years. The worst was the Children’s Crusade. All of the children who went to fight died along the way. Some were shipwrecked and the rest were taken into slavery in Egypt.

A blight on Christianity? Certainty. Something wrong? Dismally wrong. A tragedy? Of course. Millions and millions of people killed? No. The numbers are tragic, but pale in comparison to the statistics of what non-religion criminals have committed.

My point is not that Christians or religions people aren’t to vulnerable to terrible crimes. Certainly they are. But it is not religion that produces these things it is the denial of Biblical religion that generally leads to this kind of things. The statistics that are the result of irreligious genocide stagger the imagination.

My source is The Guinness Book of World Records. Look up the category “Judicial” and under the subject of “Crimes: Mass Killings,” the greatest massacre ever imputed by the government of one sovereign against the government of another is 26.3 million Chinese during the regime of Mao Tse Tung between the years of 1949 and May 1965. The Walker Report published by the U.S. Senate Committee of the Judiciary in July 1971 placed the parameters of the total death toll in China since 1949 between 32 and 61.7 million people. An estimate of 63.7 million was published by Figaro magazine on November 5, 1978.

In the U.S.S.R. the Nobel Prize winner, Alexander Solzhenitsyn estimates the loss of life from state repression and terrorism from October 1917 to December 1959 under Lenin and Stalin and Khrushchev at 66.7 million.

Finally, in Cambodia (and this was close to me because I lived in Thailand in 1982 working with the broken pieces of the Cambodian holocaust from 1975 to 1979) “as a percentage of a nation’s total population, the worst genocide appears to be that in Cambodia, formerly Kampuchea. According to the Khmer Rouge foreign minister, more than one third of the eight million Khmer were killed between April 17, 1975 and January 1979. One third of the entire country was put to death under the rule of Pol Pott, the founder of the Communist Part of Kampuchea. During that time towns, money and property were abolished. Economic execution by bayonet and club introduced for such offenses as falling asleep during the day, asking to too many questions, playing non-communist music, being old and feeble, being the offspring of an undesirable, or being too well educated. In fact, deaths in the Tuol Sleng interrogation center in Pnom Penh, which is the capitol of Kampuchea, reached 582 in a day.”

Then in Chinese history of the thirteenth to seventeenth centuries there were three periods of wholesale massacre. The numbers of victims attributed to these events are assertions rather than reliable estimates. The figures put on the Mongolian invasion of northern China form 1210 to 1219 and from 1311 to 1340 are both on the order of 35 million people. While the number of victims of bandit leader Chang Hsien-chung, known as the Yellow Tiger, from 1643 to 1647 in the Sichuan province has been put at over one million people.

China under Mao Tse Tung, 26.3 million Chinese. According the Walker Report, 63.7 million over the whole period of time of the Communist revolution in China. Solzhenitsyn says the Soviet Union put to death 66.7 million people. Kampuchea destroyed one third of their entire population of eight million Cambodians. The Chinese in medieval history, somewhere in the vicinity of 35 million and 40 million people. Ladies and gentlemen, make note that these deaths were the result of organizations or points of view or ideologies that had left God out of the equation. None of these involve religion. And all but the very last actually assert atheism.

It seems to me that my colleague Dennis Prager’s illustration cannot be improved upon to show the self-evident capability of Biblical religion to restrain evil. He asks this in this illustration. If you were walking down a dark street at night in the center of Los Angeles and you saw ten young men walking towards you, would you feel more comfortable if you knew that they had just come from a Bible class? Of course, the answer is certainly you would. That demonstrates that religion, and Biblical religion in particular, is a mitigator of evil in the world.

It is true that it’s possible that religion can produce evil, and generally when we look closer at the detail it produces evil because the individual people are actually living in a rejection of the tenants of Christianity and a rejection of the God that they are supposed to be following. So it can produce it, but the historical fact is that outright rejection of God and institutionalizing of atheism actually does produce evil on incredible levels. We’re talking about tens of millions of people a result of the rejection of God.


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How is the Confederate Flag used today?

Today, the Confederate flag’s history centers less around its early beginnings and more on its use as a rebel flag. It’s widely used to represent opposition to equity among all races and creeds. That’s why many people opposed the fact that the Confederate flag was flown above the statehouse in South Carolina for many years. Dylann Roof — the 21-year-old who shot and killed nine Black people in a Charleston church in June 2015 and had expressed his desire to start a “race war” — was photographed stomping and burning the American flag and waving the Confederate flag.

Roof’s brutal act renewed debate about the flag’s meaning and use in public spaces. In response to the shooting, activist Bree Newsome ripped down the flag at South Carolina’s statehouse before it was permanently taken down weeks after the shootings.

The following year, in May 2016, the U.S. House banned Confederate flags from being flown at cemeteries run by the Veterans Administration. In addition, major retailers, including Wal-Mart, eBay, and Sears stopped selling it, and various flag manufacturers have also ceased production of it.

Despite these changes, there are still Confederate flag defenders who insist that the answer to the question, “Is the Confederate flag racist?” is no. In December 2019, Nikki Haley, the former South Carolina Governor and United Nations ambassador (who actually ordered the flag removed from the Charleston statehouse), was criticized after saying Roof “hijacked” the Confederate flag, and that to the people of South Carolina, the flag represented “service and sacrifice and heritage.”


Contents

First years and World War II Edit

The airport was built in 1939 to replace Böblingen Airport. In 1945, the United States Army took over the airport until returning it to German authorities in 1948.

For the duration of the Cold War the runway and facilities were shared with the United States Army who operated helicopters, the Grumman OV-1 Mohawk and other fixed wing aircraft as Echterdingen Army Airfield on the southern portion of the airfield. [4] [5] Some of the units operating at Echterdingen were headquartered at nearby Nellingen Kaserne- now closed and redeveloped. [6] In 1984–5, the 223rd Aviation Battalion (Combat) of the 11th Aviation Group (Combat) was headquartered at Echterdingen, with three aviation companies assigned (one at Schwäbisch Hall). [7] The U.S. Army still maintains a small helicopter base - Stuttgart Army Airfield - on the southern side of the airport, which it shares with the Baden-Württemberg State Police helicopter wing. The police helicopter wing falls under the control of Stuttgart Police Department and has six modern helicopters based at Stuttgart and two in Söllingen.

Later development Edit

The airport was expanded after World War II. The runway was extended to 1,800 m (5,906 ft) in 1948, then to 2,250 m (7,382 ft) in 1961 and finally to 3,345 m (10,974 ft) in 1996. Renovation was scheduled for 2020, full closure phase was preponed to be completed in April during the corona lockdown. [8]

The original 1938 terminal was finally replaced in 2004 and there are now four terminals with a maximum capacity of approximately 12 million passengers.

Politicians, town planners and nearby residents have been arguing for years about the construction of a second runway. However, on 25 June 2008 Minister-President Günther Oettinger announced that for the next 8–12 years no second runway will be built and that the restrictions for night operations stay in place. [9] [10]

After the death of former mayor Manfred Rommel in November 2013 local politicians proposed to rename the airport after him. [11] This proposal caused public disputes as he was the son of Erwin Rommel but also highly respected for his work on intercultural affairs. [12] In July 2014 it has been announced that the airport will be named Flughafen Stuttgart - Manfred Rommel Flughafen from now on. [13] In September 2016, the airport unveiled new branding and corporate design, changing its official name from Flughafen Stuttgart to Stuttgart Airport. [14]

In September 2014, United Airlines cancelled their route to Stuttgart from Newark due to insufficient demand [15] leaving Stuttgart Airport with only one remaining long-haul connection to Atlanta provided by Delta Air Lines.

In October 2014, easyJet announced they would serve Stuttgart as their seventh German destination by March 2015. [16] In December 2014, Ryanair also added Stuttgart as a destination in their network with six weekly flights to Manchester from April 2015. [17]

Air Berlin announced the start of a service to Abu Dhabi from December 2014. [18] On 31 May 2016, Air Berlin ceased its flights to Abu Dhabi. [19] In October 2016, Air Berlin announced it would close its maintenance facilities at the airport due to cost cutting and restructuring measures. [20]

In July 2020, Lauda announced the closure of their base at Stuttgart Airport - which has been operated as a wetlease for Ryanair - by October 2020. Prior to this announcement, the base staff rejected a new labour agreement. [21]

Stuttgart Airport consists of four passenger terminals which have separate check-in facilities and entrances but are directly connected to each other and share a single airside area which features eight Jet bridges as well as about two dozen bus-boarding stands. [22]

  • Terminal 1 is the first of two landside main halls and features together with its addition Terminal 1-West 50 check-in counters. It shares the roof with Terminals 2 and 3 and is mainly used by Eurowings and Turkish Airlines.
  • Terminal 2 is a small area featuring nine check-in counters and a security checkpoint. It is located within the shopping area between the main halls of Terminals 1 and 3. It is used by Lufthansa & Star Alliance partners in addition to their counters in Terminal 1.
  • Terminal 3 is the second of the two landside main halls east of Terminal 1 and 2 and features 39 additional check-in counters. It is used by TUIfly and KLM among several other airlines.
  • Terminal 4 is, unlike the other three terminals, a separate and very basic equipped building to the east of Terminals 1 to 3 but also connected to them by a walk way. It features 17 more check-in counters as well as several bus-boarding gates and is used mostly for holiday charter operations. In March 2018, the airport administration announced that Terminal 4 will be entirely rebuilt and expanded in the coming years. [23]

Passenger Edit

The following airlines offer regular scheduled and charter flights at Stuttgart Airport: [24]


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PP172

Memories and memorabilia were to the fore at the Court House on Sunday, 18th July. The day began at 9 am with the “Creative Memories” workshop when members and friends made up displays of photos on a theme of their choice, using acid-free materials. Themes chosen were special birthday celebrations, several generations of a family, local historic sites, and one showing groups at working bees held in recent times to up-grade and beautify Toll Bar Park at Lexton. The finished products were very attractive and those attending had an enjoyable and relaxing time, and know that their efforts will not deteriorate with time, because of the acid-free materials used.

After the general meeting in the afternoon, it was time for “Show and Tell”, when another interesting display of treasures was admired. These included an ebony carved brooch, the carving being of a Roman centurion and his lady a beautiful cameo brooch and matching pendant a silk scarf with sporting motifs to mark the Olympic Games held in Melbourne in 1956 a crocheted figure of a llama, with a boy and girl astride its back, from South America an excellent photo of the interior of the Moonambel Primary School, taken in 1922, when the school won a competition for its experiments with eucalyptus a copy of a letter written in 1920 by the then Prince of Wales (later Edward VIII, then the Duke of Windsor after his abdication) to say how very much he had enjoyed his visit to Australia – a copy of this letter was given to every child at school at the time a gold medal presented to the winner of the championship race at the Avoca Carnival in 1921 and some beautiful examples of what one can do with the art of decoupage.

The next meeting will be held at the Court House on Sunday, 15th August, at 1.30 pm. After the business meeting, a working bee will be held to prepare the Court House for the conservation workshop which the Society will host there on Saturday, 11th September, from 10 am to 4 pm. This is being run by the VCCCM (the Victorian Centre for the Conservation of Cultural Material). Their experienced conservator and trainer, Caroline Fry, will present the workshop titled “Everything you ever wanted to know about Conservation, but were afraid to Ask!” The workshop will focus on preventative conservation and the factors that cause deterioration of artefacts and information will be given on some low-tech, affordable ways of addressing these issues. This is a topic of interest to almost everyone and we hope to see visitors from other societies present on the day, as well as members of the general public who are interested in preserving their family treasures. Please contact Jill Hunter on 54 672 211 to say that you will be attending.

Wanted – a Secretary for the Society. Until such time as this position is filled, the Society will carry on with Wendy Taylor acting as Minute Secretary and President Jill Hunter attending to the Society’s correspondence. Our thanks to Jill and Wendy for this assistance.

New e-mail address for Wendy. Wendy Taylor advises that she has a new e-mail address, as shown at the top of this newsletter – [email protected] Members on the Internet are asked to make a note of this change.

Members’ Interests Directory. As intimated in our last newsletter, our Members’ Interests Directory is now part of our web-site and we are giving members the opportunity to up-date their entries if there are names they wish to add to those they have already listed. There may also be members who did not submit their interests for publication in our last printed directory, as well as members who joined after the closing date for submission of entries for that directory in 1997. Here is your opportunity to be included in this listing by contacting Wendy at her e-mail address or by phone to 54 677 228. Please remember we are only interested in your research in the wider Avoca area. Note that new members will automatically be added to this listing each month, so please list your interests on your form when joining.

Our Web-site. Wendy Taylor reported that we have had over 4,000 visitors to our web-site. She and Denis Strangman are very busy these days up-dating the entries for the Members’ Interests Directory. At our meeting, it was unanimously agreed that a special vote of thanks should be recorded in the minutes for the time and effort both Wendy and Denis are devoting to the Society, keeping things up-to-date on the Internet for us.

New Members. A warm welcome is extended to the following new members –

Miss Helen BEEKE, of Tonbridge, Kent, England, who is researching the MILGATE family.

Mr. Neil WILTSHIRE, of Vermont, Vic., whose interest is the WILTSHIRE family.

Megan BIBBY, of Laverton South, Vic., researching the VANCE, PERRY, START,

GREADY and NAISH families, and the LANDSBOROUGH and CROWLANDS areas.

Mrs. Lorraine FRASER (nee MORRIS), of West Brunswick, Vic.

Miss Amanda GREENWOOD, of Lower Homebush, Vic.

Donations to the Court House Restoration Fund. The Society expresses its thanks to the following members for their generous donations to this fund: D. McKenzie E.V. Roberts Ros Baker L.A. Wilson C.A. Rohde D.K. Greenwood L. O’Halloran and Leo Leyden.

Thanks must also go to Margaret Oulton for her kind donation to the Society of a fold-up lectern for use at the Court House.

The Writings of Thomas Martin at Newstead. The Newstead and District Historical Society Inc. advise that they will be presenting a repeat season of The Writings of Thomas Martin at their Court House in Canrobert Street, Newstead, on Friday and Saturday, 6th-7th August, at 8 pm. Stephen Walter and Mark Garner will present this work, which is a personal reminiscence of the early days of Newstead, with musical accompaniment by local harpist, Andy Rigby. Tickets, which include refreshments, are $6 and bookings are essential as seating is limited. Contact Dawn Angliss on 54 76 2006 for bookings for what promises to be a fascinating evening.

The Champion of the Seas, by Rod Fraser. Did your ancestors come out on the Champion of the Seas? If so, this new book will be of great interest. This ship carried 5,300 emigrants from Liverpool to Melbourne in the mid 1800s. All passengers on its 15 voyages are listed, as are several crews and Log Book details, as well as personal diary records of four passengers, including Peter Johns, founder of the well-known firm Johns and Waygood. This book of 320 pages has a full colour cover showing the famous clipper in full sail. Available from Pilgrim Printing Services Pty. Ltd., PO Box 1245, Glen Waverley, Vic. 3150, at a cost of $38.00, posted within Australia, or from selected bookshops, rrp $29.95.

Scottish Marriage Index. The Anglo-Scottish Family History Society is a branch of the Manchester and Lancashire Family History Society, Clayton House, 59 Piccadilly, Manchester, M1 2AQ, U.K., and they have undertaken a project to create the Scottish Marriage Index. This is a unique database in which family historians from all over the world have contributed details of Scots-born people in their family tree who have married. By sending in information of date and place of birth, date of marriage and the names of the couple’s parents, plus their own name and address, they have helped to create a database which should be of immense value to people seeking Scottish ancestors. By using the marriage as the basis, then four names of interest are produced from each marriage, in most cases.

Details required for the Marriage Index are – Name, Date of Birth, Place of Birth, Father, Mother, Spouse, Marriage Date, Marriage Place.

If you wish to consult the Index, you will be sent a printout of all occurrences of that name on the database along with the details of the contributor. Send a SAE or 2 IRCs and a sterling cheque for £2 for each surname. If no match is made, the cheque will be returned in the SAE.

Send your information, or request, to Dan Muir, 68 Kermoor Avenue, Bolton, BL1 7HN, Lancashire, U.K. or e-mail [email protected]

A.I.G.S. Open Day. The Australian Institute of Genealogical Studies will hold a Family History Open Day on Saturday, 23rd October, 1999, from 10 am to 4 pm, at the World Vision Centre, 1 Vision Drive, Burwood East (Melway 62 D8). Admission will be Single $7.00 and Family $12.00, and light refreshments will be available. Help will be available for family researchers on almost every aspect of family history – from newspapers to CD-ROMs, convicts to police, indexes to computers, beginners to publishing, shipping, cemeteries, photos, BDMs, and much, much more.

Court House open during Wattle Festival. Visitors to the forthcoming Maryborough Wattle Festival (27th August – 5th September) should note that the Avoca Court House Family History Resource Centre will be open to researchers on the Tuesday afternoon, 31st August, from 12 noon to 4 pm, as well as the usual Sunday opening hours of 10 am to 4 pm.

Family History enquiries on U.K. television. Entry is free and should be no more than 40 words, including address. Write to Family Tree (SK/TT), P.O. Box 116, Swindon, Wilts., SN3 6AZ. Messages are beamed via television’s Sky Text to the U.K. and to Europe. (From the CQ Genie-ologist, March, 1998)

Cairns and District Pioneer Register to 1940 is being compiled. If you or your ancestor lived between Cardwell and the cape or west to Normanton, send a SSAE to Pioneer Register Committee, C&DFHS, P.O. Box 5069, Cairns, Qld. 4870, and forms will be sent to you. (From the CQ Genie-ologist, March, 1998)

Vale – Reginald Thomas Mills, who died at Avoca on 3rd July, 1999, was born on 13th July, 1907, at Avoca, the eldest son of Henry and Sara (May) Mills, of Natte Yallock. His siblings were Vera (Mrs. Jack Benjamin), Harry, Dulce (Mrs. Joe Crothers) and Daphne (Mrs. Bill Flett).

Reg. was educated at the Natte Yallock Primary School, with a final year at Wesley College, after which he worked on the family farm. When he married Minnie Crothers at the Natte Yallock Methodist Church on the 9th May, 1934, he worked the farm in his own right.

In his youth, Reg. was a fine sportsman, with cricket being his great love and he played country week cricket in Melbourne. He also was a keen tennis player at Natte Yallock. In later years, he followed the fortunes of the Australian Test team and the Melbourne football club.

Reg. was a committed Christian. He taught Sunday School at Moyreisk prior to his marriage, and was Superintendent at the Natte Yallock Methodist Sunday School until the 1950s. He was also a lay preacher in the Avoca Methodist Circuit in the 1930s and 40s. His community interests included being on the Natte Yallock school committee, a member of the Fire Brigade, and a member of the Cemetery Trust for 45 years.

Gardening was another of his interests and he won prizes at shows and church fairs for his flowers and vegetables. Poultry was another speciality, running up to 1,000 birds at one time. He was also noted for his Merino flock and shorthorn cattle. Reg. practiced Land Care 40 years before it was even thought of, planting trees for shelter belts, fencing land into soil types, and reclaiming soil erosion caused by poor farming practice.

After moving to the Avoca Bush Nursing Hostel in 1995, Reg. maintained an interest in the family farm and enjoyed his visits there. He remained a farmer to the end – only the day before he died, he asked son Graeme if he was feeding the cattle, knowing that in the cold weather, the cattle need extra hay to keep them in good condition.

Reg. died just ten days before his 92nd birthday. He is survived by son Graeme and his wife, Lily, and grandchildren Alan and Isobel, and their families. Alan’s family is the seventh generation of Mills to have farmed the land at Natte Yallock, a fact Reg. was very proud of.

The Society expresses its deepest sympathy to Graeme and Lily, Alan and Isobel and their families on their loss of a wonderful father, grandfather and great-grandfather. Your Editor also wishes to thank Graeme for his assistance with this story of Reg’s life.

Some Snippets from the Past

Extract from The Avoca Free Press, 12th June, 1895 –

LAMPLOUGH FOOTBALL TEAM. A friendly and enjoyable football match was played at Lamplough on Saturday, between the Lamplough and Percydale clubs. P. Donoghue captained the visitors and J. Zuchetti the local team. The game, which was very fast, resulted in a win for Percydale, who kicked 8 goals 5 behinds to 4 behinds. It would be hardly fair to single out any players as each and every one played his best on both sides. Mr. R. Rutherford umpired and gave every satisfaction. After the match, light refreshments were provided for the visitors. Three cheers given for both sides brought a most enjoyable match and afternoon outing to a conclusion.”

Extract from The Avoca Mail and Pyrenees District Advertiser, 23rd June, 1916 –

“A sale of Crown lands will be conducted at the Avoca Court House on the 28th inst. by Mr. A. F. Paten, auctioneer, and on the 29th Messrs. Young Bros. will conduct a similar sale at the Ararat Court House. Particulars will be found in advertisements.”

Extract from The Avoca Mail and Pyrenees District Advertiser, 3rd June, 1916 –

“WEDDING BELLS – BURGE -HAYNES. A pretty wedding was celebrated at Christ Church, St. Arnaud, on Wednesday, April 19th [1916], by the Rev. F. Boyling, when May, second daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Haynes, of Waverly, injallok, was married to Leslie Thomas, second son of Mr. and Mrs. T. W. Burge of Dalenong, Redbank. The bride, who was given away by her father, wore a very becoming gown of ivory silk, trimmed with pearls and Malines lace tulle veil was caught to the hair with clusters of orange blossom. She carried a shower bouquet of white roses and maiden hair fern, and wore the bridegroom’s gift (a pearl and ruby brooch). The bride’s gift to the bridegroom was a pair of gold initialled sleeve links. Mr. Dave Haynes acted as best man, and Mr. Jack Burge as groomsman. Miss Cissie Haynes and Miss Evelyn Burge were in attendance as bridesmaids, and wore ivory silk costumes and mob caps, and carried bouquets of white dahlias and shasta daisies. After the ceremony, the wedding party motored to the Town Hall Hotel where breakfast was served in Mrs. Western’s usual capable manner. The usual toasts were honoured and some happy speeches made. Later in the afternoon the happy pair left by train for Ballarat for the honeymoon. The bride wore a travelling dress of navy cloth and a pretty hat of black panne relieved with a touch of tango. A number of costly presents and cheques were received.”

Extract from The Avoca Mail and Pyrenees District Advertiser, 23rd June, 1916 –

“The many friends of Mr. and Mrs. W. Brereton will regret to learn of the death of their youngest daughter, Nellie May, which occurred early yesterday morning. The little girl, who was eight years of age, contracted a cold about a fortnight ago, and pneumonia supervening she gradually sank and passed away as above stated, despite the unremitting care and attention of her medical attendant and parents. The funeral took place this afternoon, when the remains were interred in the Avoca Cemetery. The burial service was conducted by the Vicar, the Rev. Chas. Reed, and Mr. Classen carried out the funeral arrangements. The coffin, which was white, was covered by pretty floral offerings sent by kind friends, especially one from schoolmates, composed of white chrysanthemums and violets.”

Extracts from The Avoca Free Press and Farmers’ and Miners’ Journal, 10th February, 1906

“At a sitting of the Maryborough Licensing Court on Tuesday, Mr. Leader granted the following applications for transfers :- Avoca Hotel, Avoca, Mrs. Gregory to Mr. E. S. Watts Carisbrook hotel, Carisbrook, Mrs. McNamara to Mr. J. White Imperial hotel, Bowenvale, Mary Breen to Jane Breen. Mr. Herring appeared in support of each application.”

“The many friends of Mrs. Stuart, of Moonambel, will regret to learn that that lady is seriously ill caused by the effects of a fall down a cellar some few weeks back. Mrs. Stuart is under Dr. Cunningham’s treatment, and we join with her friends in the hope that she will soon recover from her indisposition.”



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